Sermo Dei: Trinity 13, 2016

Posted on August 21st, 2016

Good Samaritan window

Olympic gymnast Simone Biles talks about the dedication necessary to compete at the highest level. “I could choose to hit snooze…. I’m at the gym 300 days a year. I could take a day off. But I don’t. I choose to rise to the challenge.” That’s what’s before you, if you want gold: You can choose to hit snooze, or you can choose to be awesome.

When you watch Simone Biles compete, or Katie Ledecky, or Michael Phelps, you’re seeing the result of extraordinary dedication. Some people inherit money, or good looks – but you cannot inherit being a great athlete, or musician, or surgeon, or pilot, or Navy SEAL. You have to spend enormous amounts of focused time in the pool, in the practice room, studying, suffering, repeating repeating repeating until it’s perfect, until it’s automatic. Perfection requires absolute, comprehensive effort.

The lawyer knows that when he asks Jesus about the Law in today’s gospel (Luke 10:23-37). How do you get eternal life? It requires a total perfection that makes the greatest musician, athlete, or special forces operative look like a slacker. You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul, all your strength, all your mind. And, you must love your neighbor as yourself. Not 300 days a year, but 365. Every moment of every day. Every word, every thought, every action.

The lawyer knows he doesn’t measure up. Did you see the 800 meter women’s freestyle? At one point Katie Ledecky was so far ahead, none of the other swimmers were even visible on the screen. Nobody was close. The only thing chasing her was the world record line, and that lost too.

That’s us, every one of us, compared to the law. Not even close.

Not even close was what the priest and Levite wanted to be, in the story Jesus tells the lawyer. It’s understandable – the man in the ditch is nearly dead, and the men who did this to him are probably lurking nearby, awaiting their next victim. The safe thing to do is get away from the danger, keep moving and take cover.

This parable is usually called the Good Samaritan, but I call it the parable of the man in the ditch. That man is helped by someone who comes from the outside, a stranger who makes an extraordinary, sacrificial effort to rescue the man.

Now the situation is this: Samaritans and Jews hated each other. This man was on a dangerous road, and he’s a lost cause – dying. Yet the Samaritan gives everything he has: oil and wine for cleansing and treating his wounds, his beast for transportation, his hotel room, money for more medical care, with a promise to pay whatever future costs there might be. This is heroism, this is extraordinary effort that goes beyond winning a swimming race or gymnastic competition.

Now there are several ways of reading the parable. One of them takes the whole meaning from the last words: “Go and do likewise.” You have to do this, you have to be just like the Good Samaritan, you have to give up everything, sacrifice everything, be perfect even to people who hate you, if you want a shot at the kingdom of God. And that is, indeed, what the Law says: “You must be perfect, as your Father in heaven is perfect.” And James, the brother of the Lord, says, “Whoever keeps the whole law, yet stumbles in just one point, he is guilty of all.”

“Go and do likewise” damns us.

“Go and do likewise” damns us. We can marvel at Michael Phelps in the pool, but if the gold medal ceremony ends with “Go and do likewise,” almost everyone would say, “I cannot. It is too much; I am too old, too weak, too inclined to hit the snooze button.”

If we would say this of an athletic contest, what would we say in a moral contest? Go and do likewise: never say a word in anger; never look, even for a moment, lustfully at a woman; give all your money away; be absolutely dutiful to your parents; always say the total truth; never squabble with your spouse; be content with your money and don’t wish you had more; pray without ceasing.

Do these things describe you, to the uttermost? “Go and do likewise” is impossible as a standard of justification for us, that is, of being declared righteous by God, of having a good standing before God. By this measure all of us are weighed in the balance and found wanting.

Our first father is the man who fell among thieves. Robbed of his dignity, he was stripped naked and put to shame.

Where it leaves us is where all humanity is and has been, since long ago a man descended from Jerusalem to Jericho, i.e., since man left the City of God in the service of desire, lust, pride, and self-glory. He journeyed toward Jericho, the city of rebellion, prostitution, self-indulgence. On his way that man, our first father, fell among thieves. Robbed of his dignity, he was stripped naked and put to shame. He was still alive, but there was no life in him. He was half-dead: no longer human, yet not as the beasts. He had a mind but could not concentrate, he had legs but could not walk, he had a voice but growled and uttered curses. His eyes could not stop staring at screens. He saw evil but could not look away. Originally righteous, he was filled by the evil, becoming as the demons who had robbed him.

And is this not you, you who keep on looking at things of which you should be ashamed? You have wandered far. You are not awesome but have hit snooze repeatedly, not praying, not meditating on God’s Word, not listening, talking but saying nothing, always focused on your own lusts, lusts which only harm you and those around you.

Christian man crucified in Syria

Christian man crucified in Syria

Christians are dying in Syria whose names you know not, but you know the name of a dead gorilla in Ohio, or a dead lion in Africa. We can argue passionately about the merits or lack thereof of presidential candidates, but are we tuned into the needs of our neighbor, or the doctrines found in Holy Scripture?

You are not the Good Samaritan – but the Lord Jesus is.

You are the man in the ditch, you are the man stripped naked and put to shame. You are not the Good Samaritan at all – but the Lord Jesus is. He comes from the outside, and He runs to the ditch where we lay, a place where no other man would or could go. He pours in the oil, a token of bathing in the ancient world. The first Christians anointed with oil those who had been baptized; this is called the Chrismation, and later Confirmation. Thus did Anna Leigh receive this morning the oil, the bath, the cleansing that no amount of baby wipes or Johnson & Johnsons baby bath soap can give. The Lord Jesus cleanses the traumatized, cleanses the human race by means of the Baptism He gives.

To this He adds the wine, alcohol to disinfect, but wine that makes glad the heart of man. Our Lord Jesus gives His blood for wine, the blood that marked our ancient fathers’ doors at the Passover, blood we now receive at the Holy Eucharist. This is the sober intoxication, the holy inebriation by which our hearts are made glad not through drunkenness but through the joy of being received by the God who loves us, even us who have wandered so far and lived so selfishly.

He who rode on the beast of burden into Jerusalem for His execution, gives us His own beast going to a different destination, His inn, His Church where He keeps on caring for us. And He leaves tokens, money, denarii to keep on caring for us, with promise of great reward upon His return.

Now it would be very easy to say, “Rejoice and be glad, Amen!” at this point. But is there really no point at all to the concluding words of Jesus, “Go and do likewise”? True, we cannot justify ourselves, rescue ourselves, save ourselves. We have no perfection in ourselves.

But what we have received, we share. “Forgive us our trespasses,” the Lord teaches us to pray, “As we forgive those who trespass against us.” What we receive from Jesus, we share. Going into the world, we will find all of our fellow siblings, all the sons and daughters of Adam who are traumatized by this life, who need what we have received.

Brought into the inn, as we are healed we begin serving the other patients, and hauling in as many as we can from the ditch, sometimes kicking and screaming in the agony of their wounds and their brokenness.

This short life is not for hitting snooze. We may not be awesome in a gold-medal winning sense – but awesome consists not in silver or gold, but in the gifts of Jesus which heal us, join us to God and neighbor, and propel us toward the resurrection. These are the awesome things that give us our joy. +INJ+

Sermo Dei: Trinity 9, 2016

Posted on July 24th, 2016

God made man to give him gifts. God made the world out of nothing, and He made it for man. Man is the crown of God’s creation. God gave man everything in the creation. He gave it for Adam’s enjoyment and nourishment. He also gave man a vocation, a calling: He called Adam to be steward of the earth. As God’s steward, or chief manager, the man would exercise dominion, Godly rule in the earth.

Be fruitful and multiply, fill the earth and subdue it, have dominion over every living creature. One thing alone was held back from the man: the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. Why? Because God wished the man to know good alone, and not evil. As you parents wish to shield your children from the horrors of the world and the wicked designs of men, until they can bear them, so God wished for His steward to know nothing of evil.


But the man was beguiled by this thought: the Lord is not a good Lord. His Word is harmful to me, a lie intended to oppress me.

Thus not content with his stewardship, the man sought by his action to overthrow his Lord. His sin was not eating fruit. His sin was a rebellious plot by which he would become as God.

So did our first father the steward squander his inheritance. Adam was the first unjust steward. He misused what God had given him. He squandered his inheritance and so was removed from the stewardship.

Well, not removed entirely. For although he was called to give an account of his stewardship, and the Lord pronounced death upon our first parents at that reckoning, still the Lord forgave.

He covered their naked bodies, now filled with shame, with the skin of a sacrificial victim. Blood was shed to cover their shame. And He promised an offspring, a seed, a male child of the woman who would be the Steward Adam had failed to be. This Steward would be a just steward, a righteous steward, an honest steward who perfectly carries out His Lord’s will.

To be a steward is to have a lord. Today we heard a story about a steward who lost his lord. Today’s Gospel reading (Luke 16:1-13) is a parable, which is an earthly story with a heavenly meaning. It’s often called the Parable of the Unjust Steward, or the Parable of the Dishonest Manager. He has squandered his master’s goods, and has been caught. About to lose his job and be humiliated, he devises a plan to make friends with money in hopes they will help him. He’s even commended for being shrewd, for exercising cunning in preparing for his future. Smart people, even corrupt ones, plan for the future. So why don’t you? That’s the first point of this parable: You are a Christian, you know the truth, so why are you not wise and careful about how you plan and prepare for eternity? And the second point is this: You have been an unjust steward, you are unwise because your attention is on all the wrong things. Thus Jesus concludes with the simple declaration, “You cannot serve God and mammon.” 

Which are you serving? Which is most important to you? What do you care about?

The unjust steward cares nothing for his lord. Nor does he care about those under his care. He cares only about himself.

And so he loses his lord.

Does that sound liberating to you, to be without a lord? It certainly sounds American.

Our country was born from the idea of throwing off oppressive rule. Many look at Christianity as coming back under oppression, a system of superstition designed to prey on the weak, subjugate the meek, take your money, and destroy your joy.

But genuine Christianity is not tyranny. To have God as your Lord is not to come under His oppression but His protection. Not to be enslaved but redeemed. For this Lord rescues lost sheep, welcomes home prodigal sons, forgives the woman caught in adultery, welcomes Lazarus the starving beggar to His banquet.

To be a steward is to have a lord. To be God’s steward is to have Christ Jesus for your Lord. Our Small Catechism puts all of this beautifully when it says, “I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the virgin Mary, is my Lord, who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned person, purchased and won me from all sins, from death, and the power of the devil, not with gold or silver but with His precious blood and His innocent suffering and death, that I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom, and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence and blessedness, just as He is risen from the dead, lives and reigns to all eternity.”

To be a steward is to have a lord. To be God’s steward is to have Christ Jesus for your Lord, to be rescued from death. You are not brought into bondage but into blessedness.

The Bible speaks about pastors as stewards in God’s household, with a solemn charge to administer the gifts of Word and Sacrament as the Lord has instructed.

Stewardship, however, encompasses everything we have and do, even the seemingly smallest decisions, like should I step on this ant, or spend time watching that video. What has God given me my foot, my eyes, my time and money for?

When Blake and Katie received a daughter, a gift from God, they also received a stewardship. Children are not ours, trophies of genetic accomplishment, or garbage to be discarded. Each human being from the womb is a gift from God, and parents are stewards charged with their nurture and protection. The first act of stewardship is to bring the little child back to the Lord. Born into this corrupt world full of death, we bring our children to the Lord of life saying, “Receive this child who is Yours to begin with; love, care, forgive, do what we cannot. And when her last hour comes, receive her to Yourself. Be her Father, give her the birth from above, and let her be Yours unto the ages of ages.”

Parents have a calling to teach their children. They, not the government, are stewards of their children’s education. Because this is difficult work, and because the government would often mislead our children about the truth of the world, the law, the meaning of the human person, even now which bathroom is the right one to use – because of all this, the church helps in this stewardship by providing schools for children to be taught the truth, taught by Christians who glorify the Creator in all they do.

Everything you have is given to you to exercise your stewardship of the world. How will you account for the way you spent, or gave, or hoarded, your money? How will you account for the way you used your words? How will you account for the way you used, or abused, your body, which is a temple of the Holy Spirit?

I don’t like ticking clocks, they distract me. But I was struck by what the Baptist author and seminary president Al Mohler said about ticking watches and clocks: as each second audibly clicks by, he is reminded of the shortness of his life and the responsibility to use his time according to God’s will. How are you stewarding your time? How will you give an account of it before God?

Even your vote is an exercise of stewardship. Use this gift as an exercise of the conscience, rather than a quest for power.

You cannot serve two masters. You cannot serve both God and mammon, God and money.

Repent. Repent, and rejoice that you have a Lord who rescues lost sheep, who finds lost coins, who welcomes home prodigal sons. You have a Lord who welcomes Lazaruses to His Supper, who takes unjust stewards and makes them just, forgiven, righteous, even to the point of raising their dead bodies when they fail, and receiving them into everlasting habitations. To be a steward is to have a lord. So confess with the Catechism, Jesus Christ … is my Lord, who has redeemed me. Jesus the just steward exercised His stewardship like this: He gave everything away, even His own life, on the cross for you.

In the Name of + Jesus

Little apples for simpletons

Posted on July 19th, 2016


Browsing some commentary on the recently completed LCMS Convention, I came across a thread on the American Lutheran Publicity Bureau forum. An ELCA pastor, Brian Stoffregan (whom I do not know), makes an interesting statement there about Holy Scripture: “The academy is necessary to help us understand the meaning of the texts, which can be different from what they say.” Granted that he’s talking about the importance of understanding Scripture in context, I find this notion deeply troubling, and perhaps the single greatest difference between our church bodies. One of my axioms is if you have to add words to Scripture to explain why it doesn’t mean what it clearly sounds like, you’ve got the wrong interpretation.

Today’s reading in the Luther Brevier takes a different approach: the Scriptures are not for the academics, but for the simple person who trusts what God says:

[The Bible] is the book that makes all wise and clever people into fools and can only be understood by fools and simpletons. That is why you should let go of your arrogance and other false attitudes and hold this book in high regard: as the highest and noblest sacred object, as if it were the riches treasure trove that can never be emptied or exhausted. Many years ago I read the whole Bible twice and if it were to be compared to a tall sturdy tree and if all the words were branches and twigs, I have in effect shaken all these branches, curious to know what was hanging on them and what they had to offer and each time I was able to knock down a few more little apples or pears. [p217]

There is a place for the Christian academy, with the study of language, history, literature and archeology leading us to a deeper understanding of Scripture. With no unkindness meant to Pr Stoffregan, however, I cannot accept the idea that I need an academic to tell me why the Scriptures mean something “different from what they say.”

LCMS Convention Sermon: “Saints and Faithful Brothers”

Posted on July 11th, 2016

Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night when He was betrayed, took bread, gave thanks, and gave it to the disciples. And the disciples argued.

How quickly we can go from the Lord’s Table to the devil’s business! St. Luke tells us that they received Christ’s blood, then immediately quarreled   about “which of them should be considered the greatest” (Lk 22.24).


These men were brothers twice. Sons of our first father Adam, they were now by His Supper blood-brothers with Jesus. Yet they fought.

The history of the world is the history of feuding brothers: Cain and Abel; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and the eleven. “But not so among you,” says the Lord Jesus. His Father is our Father; He is our brother, making us all brothers and sisters of each other, not by blood alone, but by forgiveness. How then is it that you murmur and grumble about those whom Jesus has joined to Himself?

This morning’s remarkable reading (Colossians 1:1-14) has words easy to gloss over, a standard sermon opening we’ve heard a thousand times. “Grace to you and peace from God our Father.” Boring! Yet that greeting is the good news!

To whom are these words spoken? To saints. And not saints alone, but “saints and faithful brothers.”

That is who you are: holy ones, brothers and sisters of the Lord Jesus, and so brothers and sisters with each other.

How then can we argue with and grumble about each other? St. Paul says in Romans, “Whether we live or die, we are the Lord’s.” We, together, belong to Jesus. So, the Apostle asks, “Why do you judge your brother? Or why do you show contempt for your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ” (Rom. 14). Whom Christ has joined as brothers, dare we put asunder?

Sometimes brothers can be united in the wrong way. James and John, the sons of thunder, were eager to call down fire on those who did not receive Jesus. Jesus told them, “You do not know what manner of spirit you are of.” Will the Lord Jesus say this of us at our convention?

There must be divisions, the Scripture says, to show who is approved. But arguing in the church is like arguing in marriage: If you’re trying to win, you’ll lose even when you win.

Beware of loving the fight.

A wise pastor said to a young seminary student eager to bring change to the church, “Beware of loving the fight.” Conventions and debates are necessary, but the moment we love winning more than we love each other as saints and faithful brothers, we’ve lost even if we win.


This is what St. Paul wants for us: “May you be strengthened with all power, according to his glorious might, for all endurance and patience with joy, giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you to share in the inheritance of the saints in light.”

Compare that with the man who said to Jesus, “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me.” (Luke 12.13) The inheritance is shared; it is not mine or yours, something we can divide up or hoard for ourselves. It is the inheritance of the saints, and that only by virtue of being in Christ, the true Saint, the true Holy One. Jesus said to Peter in the Upper Room, Unless I wash you, you have no share—no part, no portion of the inheritance—with Me. Jesus does this, Jesus acts, Jesus performs, Jesus gives us the share of His inheritance.

Which is to say, our congregations, our districts, our Synod, our families, our own calling as disciples of Jesus – none of it is our own doing. The Father has qualified us, delivered us, transferred us to the Son’s kingdom, for He has redeemed us.

St. Paul continues this theme in the next chapter of Colossians, where everything is grounded in our new identity in Jesus:

In Him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ, buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead. And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses. (Col. 2:11-13)

In Him, with Him, with Him, with Him: Circumcised in Him, buried with Him, raised with Him, made alive with Him – all things are with Him and in Him and through Him.

The Father has delivered us from wars, strife, and contention. He has transferred us to Christ’s kingdom where forgiven brothers and sisters forgive each other.

We have one Brother from whom we derive our brotherhood.

This is why St. Paul can call us saints, holy ones, because Jesus takes sinners and calls them saints. We are faithful brothers, loyal to each other, for we have one Brother from whom we derive our brotherhood.

“We know that we have passed out of death into life,” St. John says, “because we love the brothers” (1 Jn 3.13). Over this week, we may disagree on some things. May it not be as sons of thunder, calling down fire or jockeying for positions of greatness. We are saints, made holy by the blood of the Lamb. We are faithful brothers, because we have a Brother who was faithful unto death. In Him will we live, in Him will we die, and His will we be forever.+INJ+

Harmony in the Church

Posted on July 5th, 2016

I’m blessed with a singing church. Immanuel gladly tackles any hymn in the book. They sing the hymns well, and can often be heard breaking out into four-part harmony. Singing in this way is an important metaphor for the life of the congregation beyond the liturgy. Harmony—bringing our differently ranged voices together in coordinated song—is also how we live together as Christians.

Harmony is how we live together as Christians.

In discussing the central article of the Christian Faith—justification—our Lutheran Confessions address the importance of harmony, a life together built by not holding sins against our brothers and sisters:

In all families and communities harmony should be nurtured by mutual aid, for it is not possible to preserve tranquility unless men cover and forgive certain mistakes in their midst. In the same way Paul commands that there be love in the church to preserve harmony, to bear, if need be, with the crude behavior of the brethren, to cover up minor mistakes, lest the church disintegrate into various schisms and the hatreds, factions, and heresies that arise from such schisms. (Ap IV.232; Tappert pp139f)

What is this “crude behavior,” but disregard for the feelings and needs of others, along with a lack of love and free acceptance?

I must confess that in my early years as a pastor, I took some slights, real or perceived, personally. One particular discussion regarding church finances I took as a personal attack. Instead of talking to the person, I harbored a grudge. It ate away at me for a long time. One Sunday morning we were praying the Lord’s Prayer, and I realized as I spoke those words, “Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us,” that the problem was not the person I had made my enemy; the problem was me. I was the cause of the lack of harmony.

Now, no words were ever exchanged between us about this; I think he’d be surprised I was ever angry. Yet what could be hidden from others was not hidden from God. Nor was I unaffected by my grudge. It was a cancer corrupting my soul. I had not wanted to forgive him, but that day I determined that I needed to make the Fifth Petition a prayer for the desire and strength to forgive. How can I sing in harmony with the divine hymn if I am not in harmony with my brother?

Dissonance destroys the church’s love, but harmony celebrates Christ’s reconciliation.

Profoundly liberating is this notion that I need not look for justice or fairness from my brothers, nor demand they make satisfaction to me for their sins. If Jesus Christ is the propitiation for my sins, then He is likewise the propitiation for those of my brother. Dissonance destroys the church’s love, but harmony celebrates Christ’s reconciliation.

It’s easy to read the quotation above and then extol yourself with doing such a good job of bearing with the crude behavior of others. But the reality is, they have to put up with mine! And I probably cannot even see how I am hurting others. What a blessing, therefore, when my parishioners, my family, and my brother pastors, overlook and bear with my “crude behavior”!

As my church body prepares for its coming convention, I’m reminded of the painful observation that  “Many heresies have arisen in the church simply from the hatred of the clergy.” (Ap IV.242; Tappert p141)

koinonia life together
How easy it is to become entrenched in positions not because they are true but because we hate to lose the argument, hate to see the “other side” win, culminating in a hatred of those for whom Christ died.

My congregation has its share of different opinions, and a $5 million + building project has certainly revealed some of them. Glory to God, who has kept us united through some of these strong differences by the communion in Christ we share. That communion works love that transcends different perspectives on the work and challenges before us.

The Confessions elaborate this point a few paragraphs later:

In human relations love is not obstinate, harsh, or intractable; instead, it overlooks certain mistakes of its friends and puts the best construction on even the more offensive conduct of others, just as the common proverb admonishes, “Know, but do not hate, the conduct of a friend.” It is not without reason that the apostles speak so often about this responsibility of love, which the philosophers call “fairness.” For this virtue is necessary for preserving public harmony, which cannot last long unless pastors and churches overlook and pardon many things among themselves. (Ap IV.243; Kolb/Wengert pp157)

For harmony in the church to prevail, we must be united around a common confession of faith and bear with each other by love that overlooks the faults of others.

Lord Jesus Christ, where there is dissonance in Your Church’s song, bring harmony!

Sermo Dei: Sixth Sunday after Trinity 2016

Posted on July 5th, 2016

Prodigal Son

No two people will agree on everything. Unless a community is controlled by a tyrant, where free thought is forbidden, there will be disagreements.

We would like to think it wouldn’t be so among Christians. Yet we still have the sinful nature corrupting our desires. And the devil, particularly, hates the Church; he will do anything he can to turn Christians against each other, drive them away from Christ and His gifts – and the people He has given us to love despite their vexing personalities.

So there will be disagreements among Christians. Our temptation will be to stomp away, or go to war. But the cross of disagreements are to be a tool for our growth as disciples. Disagreements should always drive us closer to Christ as we realize that we are part of the problem. That means our approach to a disagreement starts by confessing our own sins and clinging to His Word of forgiveness. God’s forgiveness of us frees us for working to heal divisions with others and seek reconciliation.

In today’s Gospel (Matthew 5:17-26), Jesus addresses divisions and arguments among Christians in simple language: “Be reconciled to your brother.” Here, Jesus talks about a situation where someone has a problem with you. What should you do? Go to your brother, go to the person who has a problem with you, and seek reconciliation. Come to an agreement quickly, before it comes before God the judge, and on judgment day you be thrown into prison, i.e., hell.

Elsewhere Jesus addresses the opposite problem: when your brother has sinned against you. What should you do then? Jesus says in Mt. 18,

If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother. But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that “by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.” And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax collector.

Doesn’t this process of going again and again to your brother sound hard? It is! We want to set a limit, a boundary on our forgiveness. “If he hurts me one more time, that’s it. I’m done.” So Peter asks Jesus about the fine print: “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” You know the response. Not seven times, but seventy times seven – in other words, keep on forgiving, over and over again.

It doesn’t matter who’s in the wrong. You go. Seek reconciliation.

Now put the two together, first the teaching about what to do if you’ve sinned against someone, and then what to do if they’ve sinned against you. In both cases, you are to do the same thing: Go and seek reconciliation. Herbert Mueller, one of the leading pastors in our Synod, calls this the “You go” principle. It doesn’t matter who’s in the wrong. You go. Were you sinned against? You go. Did you sin? You go. Seek reconciliation. How often? You keep on going, seventy times seven. By the way, that’s a daily number. Which means, it’s impossibly high.

What, are you going to go around with a little notebook, or put it in an app on your phone? “Let’s see, that’s the third time today. 487 more and she is done!” God has called us saints, He has joined us together as faithful, loyal brothers and sisters. If you’re married, you said something like, “Till death us do part” at your wedding. And did you realize you said something similar at your Confirmation? You promised to suffer all, even death, rather than fall away from Christ’s Church. Which means “Till death us do part” applies also to our life together in the church.

There were disagreements among the apostles, sometimes strong contentions; there was also one doozy of a meeting in Acts 15 – they kept on talking until they got it resolved. Another time, Paul and Barnabas got in a big argument about John Mark and whether or not he could go on a missionary journey. It got so bad that they had to separate for a time. But later Paul writes a request, “Bring Mark to me; he is useful for ministry.” We don’t know how, but they got it resolved.

As long as we are in the flesh, Christians are going to hurt each other. And whenever it happens, You go. Go and work for reconciliation. Every day, strive to put these words of Jesus into practice: “Be reconciled to your brother.” As far as it depends on you, then, live at peace with all people.

There is something deeply wrong inside of you.

Before God, we can never claim to be good – for God’s Law demands perfect obedience. Today Jesus shows us how the Commandments apply to the heart. Jesus takes the Fifth Commandment, “You shall not murder,” and shows us that we all have broken it. For it is not only ending someone’s life that breaks the commandment, but you have murdered when you are angry, or when you say, “Raca!” [which means empty-head]. Calling someone a fool put you in danger of the fires of hell. God’s law doesn’t demand mere outward obedience, but a heart that is pure. All those words and emotions of anger and pride reveal that there’s something deeply wrong inside of you.

In the next part of the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus does the same thing with the Sixth Commandment, “You shall not commit adultery.” I hope you know that all sexual activity outside of holy marriage is against the will of God; but Jesus shows the full depth of the commandment by showing the “inner” adultery that goes on in our hearts and minds: “Whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.”

So when we look at the Commandments of God, we can imagine that we have kept them, and thus become self-righteous hypocrites; or, it can drive us to despair when we hear that unless we have a righteousness greater than the scribes and Pharisees, we can by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. But there is another, more excellent way.

Our only hope is this, where Jesus begins today’s Gospel: “I did not come to destroy [the Law] but to fulfill.” Christ came to fulfill the Law, to do in our place what we could never do ourselves. We are all murders, adulterers, covetous, greedy, slanderers. Not one of us is worthy of God’s favor. Every one of us is deserving of hell. There is none righteous, no, not one; we are all hypocrites. This is precisely why Christ came: for hypocrites like me and you; for sinners. He did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance. Christ the Good Physician came not for the healthy, but for the sick. Therefore, if we want His righteousness, we must acknowledge our sinfulness. If we want His healing, we must confess that we are sick.

Christians don’t hold the sins of others against them – because we know how much more has been forgiven us.

Christ came to fulfill the Law, and His obedience – His perfection, His righteousness, His life – He gives to us in Holy Baptism. “All of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death.” He has already settled accounts, He has already reconciled us with the Father, He has paid our debt in full to the very last penny. That is why we Christians don’t hold the sins of others against them – because we know how much more, impossibly more, has been forgiven us.

So now we will live trying to follow the Commandments – not to do enough to enter the kingdom of heaven: that is impossible! but – because that is now who we are: forgiven people joined to Christ, walking in a new, different kind of life.

So when you are challenged with arguments and strife, contention and disagreement, let go of your anger and desire to win, and hold on to these words of Jesus: “Be reconciled.” Remember that you could never make up for your sins before God, you could by no means enter the kingdom of heaven; but Christ came to fulfill the Law in your place, God’s anger is turned aside, and He is reconciled to you. We are baptized, we are in Christ, now we walk together in newness of life, until we enter the kingdom of heaven only by grace through faith in Christ Jesus.


Sermo Dei: Fifth Sunday after Trinity and the Ordination of Noah Rogness

Posted on June 27th, 2016

L-R: Christopher Esget, Peter Eckardt, Noah Rogness, Robert Kieselowsky, Gregory Todd

L-R: Christopher Esget, Peter Eckardt, Noah Rogness, Robert Kieselowsky, Gregory Todd

June 26, 2016

Luke 5:1-11

I think my first conversation with Pastor-elect Rogness was down on the blacktop at Oktoberfest. Imagine my surprise when I find out we both grew up in the same neighborhood: Hopkins, MN, a working-class suburb of Minneapolis. The memory of that place, as it was in the 1970’s, is a happy one; life was simple – for me. But not for my dad. I will forever associate the smell of oil, grease, and sawdust with him, and with how hard he worked.

My dad worked with trees: trimming, topping, or cutting them down and removing the stumps. He was up early in the morning, hours before me, and in the summer would work for as long as there was daylight. Being in that kind of business means that the work is far more than just the trees. He had to keep his trucks, his chainsaws, his aerial bucket and hydraulic loader all in operation. He did a lot of the work himself.

And in that kind of business, you don’t earn money in a steady flow. So it’s stressful when you’re not getting paid.

That’s what’s going on with Peter in today’s Gospel. He’s exhausted, he’s worked hard all night, but he’s not getting paid. There are no fish. He has employees he has to pay, but where is that coming from? And he still has to wash the nets, cleaning off the underwater muck, and repairing any tears.

Jesus commandeers Peter’s boat, so he can more easily preach to the large crowd that’s gathered. But then Jesus tells Peter to push out and go fishing again. And it’s all the wrong advice: deep water, morning – nope, that’s not where the fish are.

Peter lets Jesus know that it’s a dumb idea – but he goes along with it.

Our spiritual life is a lot like that. We pray, but are uncertain if anyone listens. The amens are half-hearted. Have you ever looked at the water in Baptism and said, “What can that do?” Have you ever looked at the bread at Communion and said, “It still just seems like bread to me”? The Word of Jesus seems like it does not, will not work.

All problems in the church today stem from this one truth: we do not believe that God works by His Word, we do not trust that the means of grace, God’s Word and Sacraments, will do what God purposes for them. Like Elijah in the Old Testament lesson, we look for God in the big and dramatic things instead of the Word, which seems like a quiet whisper compared to where the world looks for success.

But despite his doubts, Peter follows the Word of Jesus. And he is overwhelmed by success. There is such a catch of fish that his boat begins to sink. His business partners, James and John, come quickly, and their boat, too, is soon swamped with fish. The boats are sinking.

This isn’t the main point of today’s Gospel, but it’s worth observing that success often destroys people. Those who pursue wealth, fame, pleasure, are undone by the things they worshipped. You can be rich and be saved – but Jesus says it’s about as likely as a camel going through the eye of a needle. My friend John Pless says that it’s possible for a camel to go through the eye of the needle, but it will be very hard on the camel. Holy Scripture teaches us to pray,

Give me neither poverty nor riches—

Feed me with the food allotted to me;

9 Lest I be full and deny You,

And say, “Who is the Lord?”

Or lest I be poor and steal,

And profane the name of my God. (Pr. 30.8-9)

But praise God for Peter’s example here to us: overwhelmed with success, a big payday now flopping all around his boats, Peter does not revel in his riches. He drops to his knees: “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord!”

Peter confesses two things here: his own sin, and that Jesus is Lord.

That is where your life as a Christian begins. It’s the pattern of the Divine Service: we confess our sins, then we hear about Jesus, our Lord, and confess Him.

Noah, this is the foundation of our work as pastors. It is never our word or person that we extol, and nothing is based on our own authority. Like the first leader of the disciples, we are sinful men not worthy to occupy the pulpit, not worthy to scoop the water in our hands or lift up the Lord’s Cup. If our work is blessed it is because it is His work, His Word, His gifts given to His people. It is not our boat but His, it is not our church but His.

The church is founded on confession – confession of sins, and confession of who Jesus is.

So the church is founded on confession – confession of sins, and confession of who Jesus is. That’s true of pastor and people. Yesterday was the anniversary of the presentation of the Augsburg Confession; on June 25, 1530, the Evangelical princes gathered before the Emperor in the city of Augsburg and confessed the Catholic faith, against the abuses of the pope and the errors of scholastic theology. Today you pledge allegiance to that Confession because—quia—it agrees with the Scriptures. Your whole life is now a ministry of confession: confessing your sins, and pointing those who likewise confess to Jesus their Savior. And you confess the Faith delivered to you. Forget your own ideas, don’t get involved in fads or new movements; they’ll soon be as dated as the yellow refrigerator my parents had back in Hopkins. Stick to the Scriptures, confess the Confessions, teach them to the people, point them always and only to Jesus.

And what does Jesus do? He commissions Peter not as a “fisher of men,” nor even as the NKJ has it, as one who will “catch men.” It is literally “save men alive.” Fish you catch and eat, but not so with men. Peter, James, and John; Christopher and Peter, Robert and Gregory, Jonathan and Noah, the work is done with the Word, and by the Word of Jesus men are saved alive.

By birth we are as dying men. We destroy ourselves with food and drink, obsess over money and sex and stupid games that glorify violence, idiotic shows that revel in what is base and obscene.

From all this, and from death itself, the Lord Jesus comes to make all things new. His Word, His gifts, save men alive. Praise God who gave us His Son, praise His Son for sending His Spirit, praise the Spirit for still leading pastors by the Word, praise Father, Son, and Holy Spirit for forgiving us all our sins and saving us alive. +INJ+

Sermo Dei: Fourth Sunday after Trinity and the Ordination of Jonathan Scheck

Posted on June 19th, 2016

Joseph's Coat Brought to Jacob (Giovanni Andrea de Ferrari, c.1640)

Joseph’s Coat Brought to Jacob (Giovanni Andrea de Ferrari, c.1640)

Text: Genesis 50:15-21

Parents are not supposed to have favorites. But this father did. He loved his boy Joseph above all the others. He had children by three other women, but this was the firstborn of Rachel, his favorite. So his favorite son came from his favorite wife. None of this is how it was supposed to be, none of this is how God designed the human family – but the Bible does not shy away from showing us the consequences of sin.

So this son, Joseph, knew he was special. He had dreams about his specialness, and was foolish enough to share his dreams with his brothers, dreams about how they one day would bow down before him.

So they decided to kill him, Joseph’s brothers did. But in the end, they realized they could get rid of him without killing him, and make some money too. So they sold him as a slave.

On the long ride to Egypt, he certainly had time to think, imagine revenge on these brothers. For most of us, the hate would seethe and fester, until it bubbled over in explosive rage if the moment ever came to exact vengeance. That was not Joseph’s path. He became a slave to an important officer, and did well. His responsibilities and freedom grew, until he was falsely accused of rape. Then he languished in a dungeon for years. The lists of people who had wronged him might have grown along with his rage.

Networking with prisoners, Joseph ends up with an opportunity to advise Pharaoh, the ruler of Egypt. His counsel is so wise, Pharaoh makes Joseph prime minister over the land. Still more years pass. Joseph has power and influence. And then, the moment comes. The moment so many men have imagined, fantasized about: that opportunity to take revenge on the person who wronged you.

At long last, Joseph has his brothers—the ones who hated him, wanted to kill him, who threw him in a pit and sold him like a dog—at long last he has them under his control, and the final impediment to his wrath, their father, has just passed away. He can make them dig their own pit and throw themselves down. He can starve them, beat them, cast them into a dungeon so deep there is nothing but darkness, with scorpions, snakes, and rats for companions. Let them wallow in their own urine! Let them die slow, bitter deaths!

For he is, you see, in the place of God. He holds the office; he rules Egypt. The Pharaoh has delegated to him this power.

So the moment has come, and the brothers beg. They grovel.   ʾānnāʾ, nāʾ, nāʾ – “Please, please, please, we beg you!” they cry.

And he, who is in the place of God, what does he say? “Am I in the place of God?”

He, who has been invested with the power of judgment, sets aside all judgment and shows mercy. “Do not fear. I will provide for you and your little ones.” Not only does he not take revenge, the little brother becomes a father to them; he provides for them, cares for them, loves them.

That’s the word of the Lord to you all this day. Your word is, “Please, please, please, forgive me my sins!” His word to you is, “Do not fear! I will forgive, I will provide for you, and your little ones.”

But the life of the Christian does not stop there. Your life cannot stop there.

What’s going on in your life? What’s going on with your wife? Your husband? Where is there strife? Against whom are you holding a grudge, squeezing the life away because you cannot forgive, you will not accept another person in his weakness, you will not release your anger, your frustration, your resentment? Are you in the place of God? Even if you are, listen to the Word of your God: “Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful.”

Today Jonathan steps into the office of pastor. He is being put into the place of God. “He who hears you, hears Me,” Jesus says of His ministers. “In the stead and by the command of my Lord Jesus Christ,” you will say, countless times. “Who does he think he is?” some people will ask. “Are you in the place of God?” “Yes,” you will answer: “I am here to forgive your sins. Who am I, of myself? No one.” Jonathan, Christopher, Gregory, Peter – we are all poor maggot sacks; wretched sinners, idiots and fools. But we are in the place of God, not on account of our dazzling intellect or exceptional good looks – but we are in the place of God entirely so that you can be called to repentance and hear God’s forgiveness.

Pastor Esget and Pastor-Elect Scheck, ordained June 19 at Immanuel

Pastor Esget and Pastor-Elect Scheck, ordained June 19 at Immanuel


Jonathan: the pastor points to Jesus. To do that, the pastor must look to Jesus himself, and find in Him the only strength for ministry. All we have to offer the people, Jonathan, is what we ourselves have received. You have been baptized into Jesus, now go baptize others into Jesus. You have been taught the faith, now go teach others about Jesus. You have been nourished with the body and blood of Jesus, now you serve others with the same. You are nothing, Jesus is everything. Just get out of the way, and let Him speak. Hold up the crucifixion of Jesus before the dying, comfort those who mourn with the resurrection of Jesus. Always Jesus, that’s all you have to give – but it’s everything you need.

A police officer may need to discharge his weapon – but hopefully it never comes to that; it should be the very last resort. On occasion the pastor may need to say, “Dear brother, your sin is serious; I must tell you that if you will not turn and repent, then God will condemn you on the day of judgment.” That is the last resort, that is firing the gun only after every other option has failed. And it is always done with horror and sadness, with hope that the brother is won back.

Whether pastor or people, be not quick to judge. Be quick to forgive. Even if you’ve been betrayed, sold out, lied about, left in a prison house of fear and doubt – still, you forgive. That is what it is to be a pastor. That is what it is to be a Christian. That is what it is to be in the place of God. +INJ+

Sermo Dei: The Marriage of Ross George and Jennifer Berry

Posted on June 18th, 2016

Perugino - Marriage of the Virgin

Text: Hosea 2:18-23

“I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me.” Three times the Lord says this through the prophet Hosea.

It’s reckless and pollyannic, for the bride in Hosea is undeserving. And that is precisely the point: God acts in love and mercy upon the undeserving.

Pope Francis recently commented on marriage within the Roman Catholic church, saying, “The great majority of our sacramental marriages are null.” I.e., most Roman Catholic marriages are not real marriages because the couples entering into them do not have a proper understanding of permanence and commitment. But who does? Matthew Schmitz, the literary editor of the journal First Things, reacted with concern, observing it seemed the Pope was saying that “Marriage is something only saints can do.”

Ross and Jenni, the more you think about the vows you will take, the more you ought to realize the impossibility of keeping them. Just as the commandment to fear, love, and trust in God above all things constantly exposes our idolatry of self-love, so the mandate to nourish, cherish, submit to, love, honor, keep, to forsake all others, and to do all this relentlessly, daily, hourly, minute by minute, no matter what, even when things get worse, poorer, when you find yourselves in sickness and death – that mandate will reveal every ounce of ugliness within you, like a surgeon’s scalpel opening the flesh up to reveal not only blood and guts but cancer, decay, brokenness and death. By your own reason and strength, you cannot do it, and no amount of romantic love will ever be enough to carry you through the desolate places of loneliness, lust, and rage. Perhaps the pope is right, and only saints can truly be married.

What we see in God’s approach to marriage in Hosea is a God who acts, a God who loves and sacrifices irrespective of the bride’s worthiness. “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me.” Three times the Lord says these words that not only enact marriage’s beginning, but also pay a price. The ancient custom was for the groom to pay a price to the bride’s father. So, Mr. Berry, what is Jenni worth?!

How can you put a price on your baby girl? How could we possibly assign a monetary worth to a human being?

What the Lord is doing in holy marriage is naming His price, what He will pay for His scandalous, “worthless” bride: “I will betroth you to Me in righteousness and in justice, in steadfast love and in mercy. I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness.” The price the Lord is offering for His bride is the price of Himself: His righteousness, His justice, His steadfast love, His mercy, His faithfulness. God’s marriage is founded on His grace. Godly marriages are founded on God’s grace.

The suffering and crucifixion of the Lord Jesus is His dowry, His own bride price.

The Son of God is the propitiation for our sins. The suffering and crucifixion of the Lord Jesus is His dowry, His own bride price. As the whip tears the flesh from His back, as the thorns bite into His throbbing skull, as the spikes drive into His hands and feet, as the thrust of the spear pours out blood and water – each of these bitter wounds is another declaration of our Lord to you, “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me.” See the price I pay for you!

Our English word betroth mean a thorough truth, a comprehensive pledge. Truth can be a vicious demon: “Does this outfit look good on me?” “How do you feel about visiting my parents this weekend?” “Would you still marry me if we could do it all over again?” Many marriages survive, hobbling through life by telling lies to these and countless other questions.

But there is a deeper truth, a deeper betrothal stemming from the declaration of Christ, “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me,” “I will betroth you to Me.” He is declaring the deepest truth of forgiveness deriving from the price of His own life. Ross and Jenni, the Lord wants something more, much more for you than mere happiness, or three or four decades of managing to not offend each other too badly. He wants your marriage to be an icon of Christ and the Church. Thus the truth you must speak to each other, the pledge you must make to each other is the truth of forgiveness in Jesus, of a love that transcends eros or philia, a love that says, “I forgive you, I forget what you said, I regard you as a saint, the most beautiful, the most lovely, the finest creature on earth.”

Perhaps it is true that only saints can be truly married: and that is how a true husband sees his wife: she is holy, she is without spot, wrinkle, or blemish, she is redeemed by Jesus and I love her. And the wife sees her husband the same way: righteous, Christ-like, love incarnate.

“I betroth you to Me,” the Lord says to every one of you; and Ross and Jenni, you then have the privilege of saying God’s Words to each other not only today but each day: “I betroth you to me, I give you my word, my truth. I see in you infinite value, a bride beyond price, for you are redeemed by the blood of the Lamb.” +INJ+

Sermo Dei: Psalm 119:41-48 (Waw)

Posted on June 15th, 2016

Augsburg Confession

June 15, 2016

Evening Prayer, Wednesday of Trinity 3

At the head of the Augsburg Confession, the first great Evangelical statement of faith in the sixteenth century, is this Bible verse: “I will also speak of your testimonies before kings and shall not be put to shame.” The Evangelical princes stood before the Emperor, Charles V, who had other things on his mind than reforming the church. He needed church unity in order to keep the sale of indulgences going, because he needed the money to fight his wars.

The war with the Turks was a serious concern. Unity in the church is of profound importance. But for those great leaders at Augsburg, they knew there was something of still greater importance: fidelity to God’s Word. This little text of Scripture was a comfort to them: “I will also speak of your testimonies before kings and shall not be put to shame.” Other men had stood up to political leaders: Moses; John the Baptist; Peter; Paul; the Lord Jesus Himself. Even where there was success—Moses in leading the Exodus from Egypt, Jesus in His resurrection—there was hardship: wandering in the wilderness; crucifixion. And for men like John the Baptist, beheading.

The promise that we shall not be put to shame does not mean we will not face the rage of the devil and the hatred of the world. The promise is that when we stand before the judgment seat of God, we will not be put to shame because we trusted in the Word of God, and did not fear the threats of men or devils.

We have one calling: to confess. In our day, confessing the truth about natural marriage, or abortion, will earn the scorn of the world. It is not for us to choose the time we live. It is only for us to confess. Thus the great Evangelical confessors set before us our program as well: “I will also speak of your testimonies before kings and shall not be put to shame.” They may listen, or not; but this does not affect our calling: to confess, with charity and respect, but never setting aside God’s Word.

Will we receive taunts in response? Perhaps. But this too is addressed in tonight’s portion of Psalm 119: “Then shall I have an answer for him who taunts me, for I trust in your word.” We do not respond with derision, hatred, taunts of our own: our only answer to taunts is total, complete, utter confidence in God’s Word.

The first verse of this section tells us what we hear in God’s Word. First the Law, which this Psalm has continually set before us: the Commandments of God which ever call us to repentance. But then, “Let your steadfast love come to me, O LORD, your salvation according to your promise.” This is the answer we give to a lost and dying world: the steadfast love, the mercy, the kindness and forgiveness of the God who made us from the dust. He saves, He rescues, He loves, through the God-man Jesus Christ, our Savior and our salvation.

So do not fear kings and politicians, nor put your trust in them. Also do not despair when our leaders seem incapable of addressing the world’s problems. It is only given to us to do our work quietly, love our family, and when the hour comes, speak of the Lord’s testimonies before the kings and powerful ones. He will not abandon us, or leave us to shame. Jesus testified before Pilate, and though He was killed, yet did He rise. So shall it be for you who are in Him. +INJ+